Brief history of civil legal aid: References

Few of these resources are currently available online.

Allison, J. (1995). Balancing the Scales of Justice. Venice, FL: Type Effects.

Batlan, F. (2015) Women and Justice for the Poor: A History of Legal Aid, 1863-1945. Studies in Legal History Series. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Besharov, D.J. (Ed.). (1990). Legal Service for the Poor: Time for Reform. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute.

Brakel, S.J. (1974). Judicare: Public Funds, Private Lawyers, and Poor People. Chicago: American Bar Foundation.

Brownell, E. (1951, Supp. 1961). Legal Aid in the United States. Rochester, NY: Lawyers’ Coop.

Cappelletti, M., Gordley, J., & Johnson Jr., J. (1975). Toward Equal Justice: A Comparative Study of Legal Aid in Modern Societies. Milan/Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.: Guiffre/Oceana.

Charn J. & Zorza, R. (2005). Civil Legal Assistance for All Americans. Cambridge, MA: Bellow-Sacks Access to Civil Legal Services Project.

Cooper, J. (1983). Public Legal Services: A Comparative Study of Policy, Politics and Practice. London: Sweet & Maxwell.

Davis, M.F. (1998). Brutal Need: Lawyers and the Welfare Rights Movement 1960-1973. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Dooley, J.A., & Houseman, A.W. (November 1985). Legal Services History. Washington, D.C.: CLASP.

Garth, B. (1980). Neighborhood Law Firms for the Poor. Rockville, MD: Sijthoff & Noordhoff, Ch. 2.

Goodman, L.H., & Feuillan, J. (1972). Alternative Approaches to the Provision of Legal Services for the Rural Poor: Judicare and the Decentralized Staff Program. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of Social Science Research.

Handler, J.F., Hollingsworth, E.J., & Erlanger, H.S. (1978). Lawyers and the Pursuit of Legal Rights. New York: Academic Press.

Hollingsworth. (1977). Ten Years of Legal Services for the Poor. In R.H. Havemann (Ed.), A Decade of Federal Anti-Poverty Programs: Achievements, Failures and Lessons. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, pp. 285, 300-02.

Johnson, E. (1973). Justice and Reform: The Formative Years of the American Legal Services Program. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Johnson, E. (1994). Preserving Justice in an Era of Global Economic Competition. The Tokyo International Symposium on Civil Justice in the Era of Globalization, 211.

Johnson, E. (2001). Access to Justice. International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 24.

Johnson, E. (2013) To Establish Justice For All: The Turbulent History of Civil Legal Aid and Its Future in the United States. Santa Barbara: Praeger

Katz, J. (1982). Poor People’s Lawyers in Transition. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Kessler, M. (1987). Legal Services for the Poor: A Comparative and Contemporary Analysis of Interorganizational Politics. New York: Greenwood Press.

Lardent, Esther F., ed., 1991, Civil Justice: An Agenda for the 1990’s: Papers of the American Bar Association National Conference on Access to Justice in the 1990s.

Lawrence, S.E. (1990). The Poor in Court: The Legal Services Program and Supreme Court Decision Making. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Lopez, Gerald P., 1992, Rebellious Lawyering: One Chicano’s Vision of Progressive Law Practice.

Maguire, J.A. (1928). The Lance of Justice: A Semi-Centennial History of the Legal Aid Society 1876-1926. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Moore, W. (2011). Delivering Legal Services to Low-Income People. Washington, D.C.: Self Published

Rhode, D.L. (2004). Access to Justice. New York: Oxford University Press

Smith, R.H. (1919). Justice and the Poor. New York: Carnegie Foundation.

Soar, P. (Ed.). (2002). The New International Directory of Legal Aid. The Hague: Kluwer Law International.

Stumpf, H. (1875). Community Politics and Legal Services: The Other Side of the Law. Beverly Hills/London: Sage Publications.

Zemans, F. (1979). Perspectives on Legal Aid. Westport: Greenwood Press.

Zorza, R (2002). The Self-Help Friendly Court. Williamsburg, VA: National Center for State Courts.